Coca wine is an alcoholic beverage combining wine with extracted coca alkaloid. One popular brand was Vin Mariani, developed in 1863 by Corsican entrepreneur Angelo Mariani.
In Atlanta, John Pemberton, a pharmacist, developed a beverage based on Vin Mariani, called Pemberton's French Wine Coca. It proved popular among American consumers. In 1886, when Georgia introduced Prohibition, Pemberton had to replace the wine in his recipe with non-alcoholic syrup. The new recipe was similar to, but not the same as, Coca-Cola. At the end of the 19th century, the fear of drug abuse made coca-based drinks less popular. This led to the prohibition of cocaine in the United States, and the removal of coca alkaloid from coca wine as well as Coca-Cola, though coca leaf remained. The drink itself became illegal in the United States when its other main drug, alcohol, was banned just a few years later.